First Muslim who construct a flying machine

بسم اللہ الرمن الرحیم

It is incredible that today men and women rocket into space in metal cylinders, going one place to another place by the speed of sound. This concept of flight has fascinated and challenged humans for thousands of years.
The first Muslim who make a real attempt to construct a flying machine was Cordoban Abbas ibn Firnas عباس ابن فرنس in the 9th century. He was a usual polymath, renowned poet and an engineer of that time but his greatest aim was for constructing a flying machine, he flew successfully a number of times over desert regions.
The first flight took place in 852 when he wrapped himself in a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts and jumped from the minaret of the great mosque of Cordoba. This cloak was unsuccessful, but his fall was slowed enough that he got off with only minor injuries making it at least one of the earliest example of parachute jumps.
Western source deliberately gives him wrong Latin name calling him Armen Firman, instead of Abbas ibn Firnas عباس ابن فرنس. This shows hatred of west towards Muslims they changed names of our scientists so the people will think that  Muslims were backward outdated But Allah Almighty says in the glories Quran (65:11 مِنَ الظُّلُمٰتِ اِلَى النُّوْرِ)     from the darkness into the light. That means Islam teach to improve our selves in every aspect of life.
Ibn Farnis was one to learn from experience and he worked hard to improve his next design accounts from various eyewitnesses and medieval manuscripts described it as machine consisted of large wings. So about twelve hundred years ago one nearly seventy-year-old man Abbas ibn firnas made a flight machine from silk and eagle feathers.
In Cordoba Spain, ibn firnas mounted on [جبل العرس] jabal al-arus. A large crowd of people gathered to witness his flight. Appearing before the crowd in his costume made from silk and eagle feathers. He explained with a piece of paper how he planned to fly using the wings fitted on his arms: “presently I shall take leave of you by guide these wings up and down I should ascend like the bird. If all goes well after soaring for a time I should be able to return safely to your side”
Flew to a significant height and hung in the air for over ten minutes after the flight he understood the role played by the tail, when birds land, birds land on their root tail which did not happen to him because he didn’t have one.
All modern aero-plans land on their rear wheels first which makes ibn firnas’s comment very relevant and ahead of its time. His back was very much hut. For not knowing that birds when they alight come down upon their tails.
It would be centuries until Leonardo da Vinci’s flight drawings and wright brother’s first flight.
Unfortunately, the injury sustained in the flight prevented him from carrying out further experiments to incorporate his belated discovery of the need of a tail. However, he was an enterprising man and he must have modified his machine or more probably guided somebody perhaps one of his Lerner to create a newer version.
Ibn firnas died in 886 and none of his original works saved for today. After him, Muslims and non-Muslims trying to flight and many attempts were made Al juhari a turkistani teacher launched him but died on impact and English monk also forgot a tail and broke both his legs.
After these aviation history is silent until the works of famous artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci are mentioned. Leonard remains the leading engineer to establish proper scientific thinking on the flight. Although he did not attempt to fly.
All this history of aviation and even space travel started with the humble beginning of one man Abas Ibn Firnas who was one of the first to try out his idea when he glided with his eagle feathers and silk.

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3 comments

amir ahamed said...

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omer malik said...

It is nice for all humanity.

omer malik said...

May allah bless u .& me also

May Allah Bless YOU.

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